Archive for November, 2011


Wenn der Platz, auf dem man sitzt, zwischen Sonne und Schatten fällt, sollte man den Platz wechseln, denn der Prophet – Allahs Heil und Segen auf ihm – sagte: „Wenn jemand von euch im Schatten ist (sitzt), der in seiner Größe gering ist, was zur Folge hat, dass ein Teil seines Körpers in der Sonne und der Rest im Schatten ist, soll er aufstehen und sich (von dort) wegbewegen.“ [Abu Dawud, Nr. 4821; Sahih al-Dschami‘, Nr. 748]
Der Grund hierfür ist, dass dies die Stelle ist, die vom Schaytan bevorzugt wird. Der Beweis ist das Verbot des Propheten – Allahs Heil und Segen auf ihm -, zur Hälfte in der Sonne und zur Hälfte im Schatten zu sitzen. Er – Allahs Heil und Segen auf ihm – sagte: „Dies ist die Stelle, wo Schaytan sitzt.“ [Ahmad, 3/413; Sahih al-Dschami‘, Nr. 6823]

 

http://salaf.de/ibada&fiqh/pdf/allgemein/ibd0012_Wie%20man%20sich%20in%20folgenden%20Situationen%20verhaelt.pdf

 

 

A woman should not travel except with a mahram, even if it is a short trip

I know that a woman is not permitted to travel without a mahram with her. I would like to know what is meant by (traveling) exactly. Where should we start measuring the distance, from the beginning (a place in the desert), or from where?
My father has a farm on Misr-Ismailia way, and he likes us to visit him every so often, this farm is about 75 minutes maximum from home. Is this considered traveling?
Considering that there are many new cities, schools, companies, and farms along the way.

Praise be to Allaah.

The saheeh Sunnah indicates that it is not permissible for a woman to travel except with a mahram. This travelling is not defined by a specific distance, as is the case with shortening the prayers or breaking the fast, rather everything that is called travelling, whether it is long or short, is not permitted for a woman unless she has a mahram with her.

Al-Bukhaari (1729) and Muslim (2391) narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “No woman should travel except with a mahram.”

The fuqaha’ are unanimously agreed that it is haraam for a woman to travel without a mahram, except in a few exceptional cases, such as travelling for the obligatory Hajj, for which some of them have permitted a women to travel with trustworthy companions. Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: al-Baghawi said: They did not differ concerning the fact that a woman may not travel for anything but the obligatory Hajj except with a husband or mahram, except a kaafir woman who becomes Muslim in daar al-harb or a female captive who escapes. Others added: or a woman who becomes separated from her group and is found by a trustworthy man, in which case it is permissible for him to accompany her until he brings her back to her group. End quote from Fath al-Baari (4/76).

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Sharh Saheeh Muslim, explaining that travel in this case is not defined by a specific distance:

Everything that is called travelling, it is forbidden for a woman to do without her husband or a mahram, whether it is three days, two days or one day, or anything else, because of the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas, according to which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “No woman should travel without a mahram.” This includes everything that is called travel. And Allaah knows best.

End quote.

And it says in Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (17/339): It is haraam for a woman to travel without a mahram in all cases, whether the journey is long or short. End quote.

Based on this, if going from your city to this place is regarded as travelling according to the people’s customs, then it is not permissible for you to go there without a mahram. If it is not regarded as travelling according to custom then there is nothing wrong with you going there without a mahram.

The fact that the route is filled with cities, schools and farms does not alter this ruling.

Secondly:

With regard to shortening the prayer or breaking the fast when travelling, and wiping over the khuffayn for three days and nights, the majority (of scholars) are of the view that travel in this case is defined by a certain distance, which is approximately 80 kilometers, and that distance starts from where the built-up area of the city ends. See: Tuhfat al-Muhtaaj (2/370) and al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah (27/270). Some scholars do not define it by a particular distance, rather they refer the matter to local customs.

See the answer to question no. 38079.

And Allaah knows best.

 

http://islam-qa.com/en/ref/101520/woman%20travel

Is it permissible for a woman to travel in an elevator alone with a non-mahram man?

It allowed to go in a lift if there is a man who is a non mahram in it?(ie if there are just the two of you) Is there a separate ruling for open and closed lifts which have doors?.

Praise be to Allaah.Allaah has forbidden a man to be alone with a woman who is not his mahram. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “No man is alone with a woman but the shaytaan is the third one present.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (1171); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.

Al-Bukhaari (1862) and Muslim (1341) narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “No man should be alone with a woman unless her mahram is with her.”

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) narrated in Sharh Muslim (14/153) that there is scholarly consensus that it is haraam for a man to be alone with a non-mahram woman. This was also mentioned by al-Haafiz in al-Fath (4/77).

What is meant by a man being alone with a woman is that they are alone together in a place with no one else present.

This meaning applies when a woman travels in an elevator with a man who is not her mahram and there is no one else with them, whether it is open or closed.

Based on that, it is not permissible for a woman to travel in an elevator on her own with a non-mahram man. If there is one or more other women with her, then there is nothing wrong with her travelling on the elevator in that case, because then she is not alone with the man.

If there are both men and women with her, there is nothing wrong with her travelling on it if the elevator is spacious, and she will not be forced to touch or rub against the men. But in this case it is safer for the Muslim woman to walk up the stairs, and seek reward with Allaah for the difficulty that she encounters by doing that, because she is only doing that so as to avoid that which Allaah has forbidden and to avoid fitnah and its causes.

And Allaah knows best.

Islam Q&A

My brother sneezes 5 times in a row! do i have to say yarhamukullah after every sneeze, or can i just wait and say it once at the end?.

Praise be to Allaah.Saying “Yarhamuk Allah (may Allah have mercy on you)” to a person who sneezes, if he says “Al hamdu Lillah (praise be to Allah),” is a communal obligation, in the sense that if one person says it, the obligation is waived for the others. If no one among those who hear him says it, then all have sinned, because of the report narrated by Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “There are five things that the Muslim must do for his brother: returning the greeting of salaam, saying ‘Yarhamuk Allah’ to one who sneezes…”

Narrated by Muslim (4022) 

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: Our companions and others differed concerning visiting one who is sick, saying “Yarhamuk Allah” to one who sneezes and initiating the greeting of salaam. What the texts indicate is that these things are waajib (obligatory), and it is said that it is a communal obligation.

End quote from al-Fataawa al-Kubra, 1/443 

Secondly: 

If a person sneezes more than three times, you should not say “Yarhamuk Allah” to him; rather you should pray for well-being for him, because of what is narrated in al-Muwatta’ (1521) from ‘Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr from his father, that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “If he sneezes, say ‘Yarhamuk Allah’ to him; then if he sneezes, say ‘Yarhamuk Allah’ to him; then if he sneezes, say ‘Yarhamuk Allah’ to him; then if he sneezes, say: ‘You have a cold.” ‘Abdullah said: I do not know whether that is after the third or fourth time. 

And it was narrated that Salamah ibn al-Akwa‘ (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “The one who sneezes may be told Yarhamuk-Allaah three times; if he sneezes more than that, he has a cold.” Narrated by Ibn Maajah (3704); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah. 

An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said: If a person sneezes several times in a row, the Sunnah is to say “Yarhamuk Allah” each time until he reaches three. We narrated in Saheeh Muslim, Sunan Abi Dawood and at-Tirmidhi from Salamah ibn al-Akwa‘ (may Allah be pleased with him) that he heard the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) say, when a man sneezed in his presence, “Yarhamuk Allah.” Then he sneezed again, and the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “The man has a cold.” This wording is the report narrated by Muslim. 

As for the report narrated by Abu Dawood and at-Tirmidhi, they said: A man sneezed in the presence of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) whilst I [the narrator] was watching, and the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Yarhamuk Allah.” Then the man sneezed a second or third time and the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Yarhamuk Allah, this is a man who has a cold.”

At-Tirmidhi said: A saheeh hasan hadeeth. End quote from Kitaab al-Adhkaar, 1/273 

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked: Is it obligatory to say “Yarhamuk Allah” to one who sneezes once, and if he sneezes three times to repeat that three times or more? 

He replied: If he sneezes three times and you say “Yarhamuk Allah” each time, then after the third sneeze you should say to him: “ ‘Aafaaka Allah (may Allah grant you well-being); because that is a cold, so say: May Allah grant you well-being; you have a cold. All you have to say is: May Allah grant you well-being, and you may add: You have a cold. 

End quote from Liqa’ al-Baab al-Maftooh, no. 127 

And Allah knows best.

Islam Q&A

التغيير فحسب ليس تطوراً ، فالتطور تركيبة من التغيير و الاستمرارية ، و
حين لا توجد استمرارية فلا يوجد تطوير

التخطيط … نشاط يساعدك لتصبح الشخص الذي تتمناه

 

لا يستطيع الانسان تغيير نفسه بدون ألم ، فهو الرخام و هو نفسه النحات

 

اذا أردت أن تتخلص من عادة سيئة فلا تلق بها من النافذة ، و لكن انزل معها
السلم درجة درجة

قال الإمام الشافعي :

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